3-Phase Adiabatic Logic and its Sound SCA Evaluation
Bijan Fadaeinia, Amir Moradi
IEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computing, 2020.
Nowadays there is no doubt on the susceptibility of cryptographic devices to side-channel analysis attacks. During the last decade, integration of corresponding countermeasures into devices which deal with security and privacy of users has become a must. This motivated several research on designing countermeasures, one of which is to make use of power-balancing feature of adiabatic logic families originally motivated for low-power applications. In this work we introduce the first such a construction which operates in three phases compared to the entire state-of-the-art schemes requiring at least four phases. We especially designed our proposed scheme to harden power-analysis attacks. To this end, we considered several relevant design criteria. For example, we payed particular attention to the symmetry of the fundamental gates of our proposed 3-phase construction. Based on simulation results and information-theoretic based SCA evaluations we claim that our construction can harden power analysis attacks more than the state-of-the-art adiabatic logic families. We further highlight the importance of the way power clocks are generated for an adiabatic circuit, and show the negative effect of the widely-known stepwise charge sharing power clock generator on the SCA security. Accordingly, we present an adjustment on such a circuit followed by corresponding SCA evaluation.[DOI]