Yet Another Size Record for AES: A First-Order SCA Secure AES S-box Based on GF(2^8) Multiplication
Felix Wegener, Amir Moradi
17th Smart Card Research and Advanced Application Conference, CARDIS 2018, Montpellier, France, November 12-14, 2018.
It is well known that Canright’s tower field construction leads to a very small, unprotected AES S-box circuit by recursively embedding Galois Field operations into smaller fields. The current size record for the AES S-box by Boyar, Matthews and Peralta improves the original design with optimal subcomponents, while maintaining the overall tower-field structure. Similarly, all small state-of-the-art first-order SCA-secure AES S-box constructions are based on a tower field structure. We demonstrate that a smaller first-order secure AES S-box is achievable by representing the field inversion as a multiplication chain of length 4. Based on this representation, we showcase a very compact S-box circuit with only one GF(28)-multiplier instance. Thereby, we introduce a new high-level representation of the AES S-box and set a new record for the smallest first-order secure implementation[pdf]