A Hardware-based Countermeasure to Reduce Side-Channel Leakage - Design, Implementation, and Evaluation
Andreas Gornik, Amir Moradi, Jürgen Oehm, Christof Paar
IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 34, No.8, pages 1308-1319, 2015.
Side-channel attacks are one of the major concerns for security-enabled applications as they make use of information leaked by the physical implementation of the underlying cryptographic algorithm. Hence, reducing the side-channel leakage of the circuits realizing the cryptographic primitives is amongst the main goals of circuit designers. In this work we present a novel circuit concept, which decouples the main power supply from an internal power supply that is used to drive a single logic gate. The decoupling is done with the help of buffering capacitances integrated into semiconductor. We also introduce – compared to the previously known schemes – an improved decoupling circuit which reduces the crosstalk from the internal to the external power supply. The result of practical side-channel evaluation on a prototype chip fabricated in a 150nm CMOS technology shows a high potential of our proposed technique to reduce the side-channel leakages.[pdf] [DOI]