Algebraic Methods in Side-Channel Collision Attacks and Practical Collision Detection
Andrey Bogdanov, Ilya Kizhvatov, Andrey Pyshkin
Progress in Cryptology - INDOCRYPT 2008, Kharagpur, India, December 2008.
This paper presents algebraic collision attacks, a new powerful cryptanalytic method based on side-channel leakage which allows for low measurement counts needed for a successful key recovery in case of AES. As opposed to many other side-channel attacks, these techniques are essentially based on the internal structure of the attacked cryptographic algorithm, namely, on the algebraic properties of AES. Moreover, we derived the probability distributions of Euclidean distance for collisions and non-collisions. On this basis, a statistical framework for finding the instances of side-channel traces leaking most key information in collision attacks is proposed. Additionally to these theoretical findings, the paper also contains a practical evaluation of these side-channel collision attacks for a real-world microcontroller platform similar to many smart card ICs. To our best knowledge, this is the first real-world study of collision attacks based on generalized internal collisions. We also combined our methods with ternary voting  which is a recent multiple-differential collision detection technique using profiling, where neither plaintexts, ciphertexts nor keys have to be known in the profiling stage.[pdf]