Insights into the mind of a trojan designer: the challenge to integrate a trojan into the bitstream
Maik Ender, Pawel Swierczynski, Sebastian Wallat, Matthias Wilhelm, Paul Knopp, Christof Paar
In Proceedings of the 24th Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference (ASPDAC '19). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 112-119.
The threat of inserting hardware Trojans during the design, production, or in-field poses a danger for integrated circuits in real-world applications. A particular critical case of hardware Trojans is the malicious manipulation of third-party FPGA configurations. In addition to attack vectors during the design process, FPGAs can be infiltrated in a non-invasive manner after shipment through alterations of the bitstream. First, we present an improved methodology for bitstream file format reversing. Second, we introduce a novel idea for Trojan insertion.[DOI]