Towards an Ultra Lightweight Crypto Processor

Begul Bilgin, Elif Bilge Kavun, Tolga Yalcin

Proceedings of the Workshop on Lightweight Security and Privacy (LightSec’11), Istanbul, Turkey, March 14-15, 2011


In this paper, a lightweight processor suitable for lightweight cryptographic applications is presented. The processor instruction set is based on the stack-based ZPU architecture. In addition, a simple generic plug-in interface is implemented in order to allow integration of application specific coprocessors to the main processor core. In the current version of the processor, a simple direct memory access engine and a serialized Klein cipher coprocessor are implemented and connected to the processor core. Through these engines, it is possible to implement various lightweight security and authentication schemes in a code and area effective way. A simple assembler code is written and tested on the processor in order to verify the functionality of the processor core and coprocessors. The code implements a Davies-Meyer coding scheme and uses the Klein block cipher as a hash function. The GCC toolset originally written for the 32-bit ZPU is being adapted to work with the 8-bit processor core. The designed processor is synthesized using VeriSilicon GSMC 0.13um low-power process high-density standard cell library for a target operating frequency of 100 KHz, and the resultant gate count is 4.5K GE.

[DOI] [pdf]

tags: Cryptographic, Keywords-lightweight, Klein, processor, ZPU